Excavation is used in almost every new construction project. It sets the stage for utility pipes, electrical wiring, and a solid foundation. But what does excavation actually entail? This video explains the basics of excavation and how contractors use it on various projects.
Excavation is the process of moving rock and earth with handheld tools, heavy equipment like bulldozers and excavators, or even explosives. It can be used for digging trenches, establishing earthworks, digging to repair plumbing lines, or underground work like mining.
Excavation may involve cutting and filling. Cutting is the physical removal of earth to reduce a given area’s height. Filling is just what it sounds like: filling in areas with earth and dirt to give it more height.
There is also clearing, which involves the removal and disposal of flora in a construction site. Trees, shrubs, and other plants will be cleared away to allow for the project to start. Grubbing is a similar endeavor that sees to the removal of tree roots and loose soil.
All of this is necessary to establishing a level area that can support a heavy building. For more information on excavation and the methods used, take a look at the video in the link above.